Nike 360883-011 Athletic Black Comfort Footbed Sandals Slides Women's US 7,Kensie Tray Platform Ankle Strap Sandals 056, Taupe, 6 US / 36.5 EU,Report Women's Pamela Heeled Sandal, Soft Gold, 8.5 Medium US,Women Reef Slim Ginger Beads Flip Flop Sandal RF0A361W Black 100% Authentic NewRalph Lauren Collection Gold Strap Flat Slip on Sandals SHOES sz 6B EUCBandolino Womens Thong Suede Sandals Kyrie 8.5 Turquoise BlueHurley One and Only Printed Women's Sandal - Light Lime - New,SKECHERS Women's Goga mat Technology Flip Flop Gray Size 9 - FREE SHIPPING NEWWomen's Kenneth Cole Dress 2Drille Strappy Espadrilles Wedge Sandals 6 M $200,womens shoes pumps pointy toe slingbacks fashion stilettos hollow out buckle Cz8Zaxy Women's Snap Slide Sandal, Black, 5 M USEasy Street Tarrah Ankle Strap Wedge Sandals, White/White Patent,Madden Girl Womens rolloo Open Toe Casual Ankle Strap, Black Fabric, Size 10.0,New Womens Open Toe Mules Casual Peep Toe Platform High Block Slipper Party 2019,Report Women's Sadah Wedge Sandal, Taupe, 6.5 M US,Il Sandalo White Leather Slide Sandal Shoe Size 37 7,Rampage Havarti Heeled Sandals - Women's Size 9M, Taupe Micro 809NEW JustFab Lorienne Cobalt Blue Cut Out Wedge US Size 8.5,GIANNI BINI Size 6M Womens Tan Leather 'Audrinah' Bolted Metal Detailed Wedges,Women's Party Wear/ Ethinic Indian & Pakistani Traditional Sandal's.,Naturalizer Womens Evette Platform Espadrille Sandal Blue Leather Size 8.5 M US,New Womens Tassel Peep Toe Ankle Strap Block High Heels Roma Sandals Plus szNEW BCBG Generation Ginger Wendal-X Back Zip T-Strap Sandal Size 6.5 $79,Q Womens Shoes Sandals Loafers Ballet Flats Pump Lolita Mary Jane Preppy Chain,Betula By Birkenstock Sandals Buckle Hook & Loop Shoes Pebbles Size 5 EUCWomens ladies Sequins Platform Block High Heels Peep toe Sandal Slipper Shoes,Womens Mid Block Heel Slingbacks Sandal Knee High Boot Strappy Faux Suede Shoes,NEW Jambu Women's Blossom Vegan Sandals - Black - Size: 8Women’s Olukai Apolima leather Flip Flops SandalsCobian NIAS BOUNCE Womens Synthetic Strap Flip-Flop Sandals 8 Turquoise NEW 2018


By Radostina Pavlova

Amendments of the Law on the Asylum and Refugees (LAR), published in the State Gazette on 16.10.2015, grant the State Agency for the Refugees (SAR) the power to place asylum seekers in closed centres. Currently, the Registration and Reception Centres (RCC), managed by the SAR, have an open regime of entry and exit. The new law also enables the Chair of the SAR to determine zones on the territory of the country, which asylum seekers may not leave without permission.

At the moment, there are six open camps (RCC) functioning on the territory of the country: three in the region of Sofia (in the neighbourhoods of Vrazhdebna, Voenna Rampa and Ovcha Kupel) and one in each of the village of Banya near Nova Zagora, the village of Pastrogor and the town of Harmanli. The centre in Harmanli is the largest, with a capacity of 2710 places. The total capacity of the six centres is 5130 places. According to the SAR, as of the end of September, 2015, the centres were full to just about 50% of their total capacity. This is not due to a decrease in the flow of people, seeking asylum in Bulgaria, as their number from the beginning of the year up to the end of August, nearly 11,500, according to the SAR, exceeds significantly the number for the corresponding periods in previous years; it is, rather, the result of the trend of more and more of the registered asylum seekers, placed in the open centres, to leave Bulgaria before the completion of their asylum procedures.

Item specifics

New without box: A brand-new, unused, and unworn item (including handmade items) that is not in original packaging or ... Read moreabout the condition
Brand: Catherines
US Shoe Size (Women's): US 7.5 Accents: Studded
Style: Slides
The bill introducing these restrictions of the freedom of movement of asylum seekers in Bulgaria transposes into Bulgarian legislation two European directives: Directive 2011/95/EU on standards for the qualification of third-country nationals or stateless persons as beneficiaries of international protection (the Qualification Directive) and Directive 2013/33/EU laying down standards for the reception of applicants for international protection (the Reception Conditions Directive). According to the provisions of EU law, which Bulgaria must respect, the fact that a person has asked for international protection is not sufficient grounds for restricting his or her freedom and placing him or her in a closed centre. On the other hand, the Reception Conditions Directive allows the detention of asylum seekers, but only when this is necessary as a measure of last resort in exceptional circumstances, while providing a number of legal guarantees of the rights of the detainee. It is also allowed to create zones of movement as the newly adopted Bulgarian law does, but this is only a possibility, not a requirement. Similarly, EU law allows, but does not require the detention of asylum seekers in closed centres. EU Member States are always free to provide more favourable reception conditions to asylum seekers than the minimum standards set by European law.

Even though the adopted provisions do not, on their face, contradict the requirements of EU law, there is a risk for them to be applied arbitrarily by the state authorities wanting to have control over the asylum seekers in Bulgaria. For example, the decision that it is in the interest of public order for somebody to be placed in a closed centre as a matter of prevention – i.e., when he or she has not committed an infraction of public order – is left entirely to the discretion of the respective official. These broad discretionary powers represent a serious risk factor for corruption. Regarding zones of movement, their introduction in a relatively small country like Bulgaria, which, unlike Germany, has a centralized model of government, and in which economic opportunities are concentrated in several big cities, appears unjustified, especially considering that the same bill aims at helping asylum seekers participate in the labour market by giving them the right to work after three months from the beginning of their asylum procedure.

Leave a Reply Cancel reply