Romantic Soles Dasha Pewter Dress Pumps 6.5M,Softmoc Black Leather Low Wedge Shoe Women Size 7.5M,Runway Womens Shoes Pointy Toe Stiletto Heel Backless Buckle Sandals Pumps New,NEW CABELLO COMFORT 3106 WOMENS LEATHER SANDALS MADE IN SPAIN,AJ VALENCI Brown Leather Zippered Ankle Boot-Bootie 2-1/2" Heel Size 10 M,GIANI BERNINI VINEZA WOMEN MARY JANE HEELS (7.5 W, MUSHROOM),Steve Madden Sz 7 M Tan Patent Platform High Heels Wear to Work Dress PumpsSIZE 9 Women's High Heel Pumps Burgundy Shoes W/Five Inch Stiletto Heels Slip On,women round toe rhinestone slip on block kitten heel patent leather shoes casual,Patricia Suede Heels Wine Color sz Eu 35 US 4 to 4.5Rampage Womens Silver Ankle Strap Heels Size 8 (402706),ethnic style Womens Wedge Heel Slip On Canvas Floral Decor casual Shoes 5 color,Womens Black Suede Pointy Toe Ankle Strap Pumps,Stuart Weitzman Sensual Argento Glitterati Strappy Even Sandal Size 11M B121#,FOREVER 21 OPEN TOE HIGH HEEL SHOES,Marc Fisher Kiki Classic Pumps 553, Nude, 8 US,Liz Claiborne Brand Size 8.5M Open Toe Wedge Heel Shoes- Beautiful!,H Womens Shoes Rivet Block Heel Suede Leather Metal Heel Pull Op Fashion Shoes,Womens Bowknot Zip Block Chunky High Heel Plus Size Platform Spring Shoes US9Kunsto Black Velvet Pumps 1" Heel Only Worn Once Size 6PATENT LEATHER BALLET PUMPS SIZE 10-16 HEELS-8,5'- PRODUCER POLAND FS1022,Pole dancer 8 inch double strap slip on shoes,DONALD J PLINER GOLD LEATHER SLIDES SLIP ONS SANDALS HEELS SHOES WOMENS SZ 8,Earth Women's Shoes Mary Jane Black Leather Pumps 8.5 EUCBeacon Fashion And Fit Woman SZ 9W Purple Combo Pee Toes Heels 4",WILD DIVA White With Pink Trim & Bow Pumps 3.5" Heels Womens 10. Lolita Fashion,SEXY BCBG GIRLS IVORY CREAM PUMP W/ CAMELIA STRAP HIGH HEEL,Beige with Brown Ladies T-Strap High Heels with Stiletto Heel and Half Platform,NEW! Marc Fisher Pumps Croc Embossed Iridescent Brown Copper Sz 6.5M,Cute Shoes "Clogs" Bumper Women's 10M 10 Medium White Stiletto "Sneaker",

   

By Radostina Pavlova

Amendments of the Law on the Asylum and Refugees (LAR), published in the State Gazette on 16.10.2015, grant the State Agency for the Refugees (SAR) the power to place asylum seekers in closed centres. Currently, the Registration and Reception Centres (RCC), managed by the SAR, have an open regime of entry and exit. The new law also enables the Chair of the SAR to determine zones on the territory of the country, which asylum seekers may not leave without permission.

At the moment, there are six open camps (RCC) functioning on the territory of the country: three in the region of Sofia (in the neighbourhoods of Vrazhdebna, Voenna Rampa and Ovcha Kupel) and one in each of the village of Banya near Nova Zagora, the village of Pastrogor and the town of Harmanli. The centre in Harmanli is the largest, with a capacity of 2710 places. The total capacity of the six centres is 5130 places. According to the SAR, as of the end of September, 2015, the centres were full to just about 50% of their total capacity. This is not due to a decrease in the flow of people, seeking asylum in Bulgaria, as their number from the beginning of the year up to the end of August, nearly 11,500, according to the SAR, exceeds significantly the number for the corresponding periods in previous years; it is, rather, the result of the trend of more and more of the registered asylum seekers, placed in the open centres, to leave Bulgaria before the completion of their asylum procedures.

Item specifics

Condition:
New with box: A brand-new, unused, and unworn item (including handmade items) in the original packaging (such as ... Read moreabout the condition
Brand: Unbranded
Material: Synthetic Leather Style: Pumps, Classics
Pattern: Solid Width: Medium (B, M)
Country/Region of Manufacture: China Occasion: Wear to Work
Fastening: Buckle Heel Type: Block
Shoe Type: Heels Heel Height: Low (3/4 in. to 1 1/2 in.)
Gender: Women
The bill introducing these restrictions of the freedom of movement of asylum seekers in Bulgaria transposes into Bulgarian legislation two European directives: Directive 2011/95/EU on standards for the qualification of third-country nationals or stateless persons as beneficiaries of international protection (the Qualification Directive) and Directive 2013/33/EU laying down standards for the reception of applicants for international protection (the Reception Conditions Directive). According to the provisions of EU law, which Bulgaria must respect, the fact that a person has asked for international protection is not sufficient grounds for restricting his or her freedom and placing him or her in a closed centre. On the other hand, the Reception Conditions Directive allows the detention of asylum seekers, but only when this is necessary as a measure of last resort in exceptional circumstances, while providing a number of legal guarantees of the rights of the detainee. It is also allowed to create zones of movement as the newly adopted Bulgarian law does, but this is only a possibility, not a requirement. Similarly, EU law allows, but does not require the detention of asylum seekers in closed centres. EU Member States are always free to provide more favourable reception conditions to asylum seekers than the minimum standards set by European law.

Even though the adopted provisions do not, on their face, contradict the requirements of EU law, there is a risk for them to be applied arbitrarily by the state authorities wanting to have control over the asylum seekers in Bulgaria. For example, the decision that it is in the interest of public order for somebody to be placed in a closed centre as a matter of prevention – i.e., when he or she has not committed an infraction of public order – is left entirely to the discretion of the respective official. These broad discretionary powers represent a serious risk factor for corruption. Regarding zones of movement, their introduction in a relatively small country like Bulgaria, which, unlike Germany, has a centralized model of government, and in which economic opportunities are concentrated in several big cities, appears unjustified, especially considering that the same bill aims at helping asylum seekers participate in the labour market by giving them the right to work after three months from the beginning of their asylum procedure.

Leave a Reply Cancel reply